A_Sea_Of_Steps_--_Wells_Cathedral_LACMA_M.2008.40.736_(3_of_3).jpg (1693×2100)f by Tom Lau

A Sea of Steps by Frederick Henry Evans.

this was an early example of the photography movement known as Straight Photography and as a departure from Pictorialism. Straight Photography practitioners attempted to depict scenes/subjects in sharp focus, with high contrast, and high detail. it emphasized the technical capabilities of the camera.

Alvin Langdon Coburn. Vortograph. 1916–17 | MoMA by Tom Lau

Vortograph is considered to be one of the first abstract photographs. Coburn constructed a kaleidoscopic contraption and photographed through triangularly clamped mirrors to create the abstract images. this abstraction of photgraphy was a reaction to the notion that photography was incapable of abstraction and only good for capturing "real" life.